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How Does a Self-Driving Car Work?

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Person inside driverless carThe future is close at hand, or rather, out of your hands, when it comes to self-driving cars. It’s both an exciting and daunting prospect. You may be wondering, how does a self-driving car work? And can you trust a self-driving car (also referred to as an autonomous car) to get you to your destination accident-free? Read on to find out about self-driving technology, which companies are on the move, and where the state of autonomous cars stands today and down the road.

How Does a Self-Driving Car Work?

Designs vary by company, but most self-driving systems create an ongoing internal map of their surroundings using a variety of sensors, like radar, laser beams and sonar. The main computer’s software processes the data from the sensors and transmits instructions to the car’s actuators, which control steering, acceleration and braking. The software uses advanced coding, algorithms and predictive modeling to avoid and navigate obstacles in the road and to follow traffic rules. These systems also use smart object recognition to distinguish between a bicycle or a pedestrian, for example.

So far, several prototypes have been rolled out. Uber self-driving cars, for example, use sixty-four laser beams and other sensors to build their internal maps. And at different stages of development, the Google autonomous car has used radar, sonar, lasers and high-powered cameras.

Driverless Car Companies: Who’s in the Lead?

The race for fully autonomous cars is on! Most of the big-name car companies, like Mercedes-Benz, BMW, Ford and Honda have self-driving technology in the works through their own labs and partnerships with tech companies, like Google, Apple, Uber and others. The Google self-driving car already has logged 2.3 million miles since 2009. Alphabet, Google’s parent company, recently created a separate autonomous car company, Waymo — a signal that the company soon will be ready for commercialization.

For a variety of reasons, including regulatory approval, completely self-driving cars aren’t ready for the commercial market just yet — they’re likely still a couple of years down the road. But, in the meantime, many car companies are implementing autopilot systems that incorporate some of the self-driving car technology we described above.

What Cars Have Autopilot?

There are several cars with autopilot technology now available if you can’t wait for fully autonomous cars to hit the market. The big players include:

  • Tesla currently offers the most advanced autopilot system. All of its new cars include 360-degree cameras, ultrasonic sensors, an enhanced radar sensor and a powerful onboard computer system. And the company is rolling out its software in incremental stages.
  • The Mercedes E-class Series offers an optional Intelligent Drive Driving Assistant package, which includes semi-autonomous highway and city driving, autonomous braking, and assistance with evasive maneuvers.
  • The BMW 7-Series offers an optional autopilot system created by MobilEye, which uses a forward-facing camera and other sensors to scan the road ahead for traffic lanes, speed signs, obstacles and more. This car can even remotely park itself!

For more information, check out our article highlighting the best self-driving cars.

Watch Today’s Autopilot in Action

Check out the video below by tech company Nvidia demonstrating their automated computing system on the road. Nvidia Drive’s PX 2 is a powerful, open AI car computing platform for use in automated and autonomous vehicles. Tesla incorporates Nvidia Drive PX 2 system in all of its new vehicles.

What Can We Expect Down the Road?

Many experts predict that fully autonomous cars will become the norm in a matter of decades, with 10 million self-driving cars on the road by 2020, and one in four cars being self-driving by 2030. The industry certainly shows all the signs, given the fast pace of the technology and the billions of dollars companies are investing. The future is closer than you might think!

Will you be all-in with self-driving cars or cautiously optimistic? 

Sally is a passionate writer but her interests do not stop there. She spends a lot of time daydreaming about the beach, however, she spends most of her time taking advantage of all the activities her town has to offer in the foothills of the Blue Ridge Mountains.

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1 Comment on "How Does a Self-Driving Car Work?"

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Danny
Danny
So cool, I think I saw one of these the other day but wasn’t sure and now after reading this I’m pretty sure it was!
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